We should acknowledge that Nigeria is now a failed country
John Campbell (L), a former US Ambassador to Nigeria, and Prof. Robert Rotberg (R), a former Director at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, have both stated that it is past time for the US to admit that Nigeria is a failed state.
This, according to Campbell and Rotberg, is due to the country’s numerous security threats.
This was revealed in an article titled “The Giant of Africa is Failing” which appeared in Foreign Affairs magazine’s May/June issue.
Both men warned that insecurity has spread throughout Nigeria, posing a threat to the country’s corporate existence.
In part, the paper reads, “Nigeria’s international allies, particularly the United States, should admit that the country is now a failed state. As a result, they must extend their contact with the country and seek to hold the current administration accountable for its failures while also cooperating with it to provide security and a stable economy.”
Security officers, according to Campbell and Rotberg, have been unable to reduce crime because of the advanced weapons that criminals in the country are known to possess.
They also discussed the Buhari administration, claiming that the country has progressed from a weak to a failed state.
“A series of overlapping security crises have transformed Nigeria from a weak to a failed state during President Muhammadu Buhari’s government. Buhari’s administration has battled to put down a number of Jihadi insurgencies, including one fought by the militant group Boko Haram “According to the report,
The duo said that the federal government had given up in some areas and that non-state actors had taken over, with quasi-police organizations and militias controlled by state governments becoming increasingly widespread.
According to the writers, numerous schools have been forced to close due to kidnappings and other crimes.
The following is an excerpt from the article: “In some regions, regional quasi-police units and militias—which are often affiliated with state administrations but are rarely formally sanctioned—train de facto authority. In many other cases, however, the federal government has successfully delegated control to terrorists and criminals.”
Most failed governments in Africa, such as the Central African Republic, Somalia, and South Sudan, are small or minor, according to Campbell and Rotberg, but Nigeria, on the other hand, has a population of over 200 million people and could be the world’s third-largest country by 2050.
According to Campbell and Rotberg, events in Nigeria have an impact on the rest of Africa.
According to the article, Nigeria is overly reliant on oil and is frequently hit by economic calamities.
“However, the Nigerian state has long failed to provide its citizens with social companies, and Nigerian politics is essentially an elite sport divorced from government,” the authors concluded.
“The federal government refuses or is unable to tax the nation’s underlying wealth, remains too reliant on oil and gasoline income, and lurches from one fiscal disaster to the next. Corruption is likewise institutionalized, with almost everyone acting as both perpetrator and victim.”
The authors suggested that the US could support civil society and Nigerian non-governmental organizations in their attempts to promote the country’s democracy through conferences, technical recommendations, and other forms of “comfortable diplomacy.”