China scraps law banning parents from having over two children
China has repealed its divisive “two-child” policy, allowing families to have three children instead.
According to Chinese official media, President Xi Jinping authorized the measure to help the country’s aging population.
This comes after Beijing’s controversial ‘one child’ policy, which had been in effect since the late 1970s, was repealed in 2016.
The government argued that the high expense of raising children in Chinese cities discouraged many couples from beginning families, and that the two-child policy was therefore counterproductive to population development.
“China will introduce a one-married-couple-can-have-three-children guideline to better optimize the birth policy,” state news agency Xinhua stated on Monday.
The policy shift would be supported by “supporting measures that will be conducive to enhancing our country’s demographic structure, completing the country’s objective of actively managing with an ageing population while retaining the advantage, endowment of human resources,” according to the report.
China’s population expanded at its slowest rate since the 1950s during the previous decade, reaching 1.41 billion people, according to a once-in-a-decade census released in early May.
Data also revealed a fertility rate of only 1.3 children per woman in 2020, putting it on pace with Japan and Italy, both of which are aging countries.